Все материалы в библиотеке доступны для свободного скачивания
ZDRAVINFORM.RU - Библиотека ЗдравИнформ - USAID: Основные индикаторы системы здравоохранения и соответствующих экспертных групп
USAID: Основные индикаторы системы здравоохранения и соответствующих экспертных групп Печать
11.04.2008 г.

Данные Агенства США по международному развитию (USAID), база данных "Health Systems 20/20 Health Systems Database".

Health Systems dataCountry level data Average value of regional comparator [1] Average value for income group comparator [2], [3]  
 Russian FederationYear of DataEurope & Central AsiaYear of DataUpper middle incomeYear of DataSource of Data
Core Module       
Population, total143,849,600200417,499,420200416,149,0012004The World Bank-WDI-2006
Population growth (annual %)-0.5220040.0920040.792004The World Bank-WDI-2006
Rural Population26.71200443.17200435.042004The World Bank-WDI-2006
Urban Population (% of total)73.29200456.83200464.962004The World Bank-WDI-2006
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15-49)----71.00200373.002004The World Bank-WDI-2006
Fertility rate, total (births per woman)1.3020041.6520042.212004WHO-The World Health Report-2006
Pregnant women who received 1+ antenatal care visits (%)96.00199989.60199992.501999WHO-The World Health Report-2006
Pregnant women who received 4+ antenatal care visits (%)----42.00200287.822001WHO-The World Health Report-2006
Prevalence of HIV, total (% of population aged 15-49)[4]1.1020030.3720033.412003The World Bank-WDI-2006
Life expectancy at birth, total (years)65.21200470.64200469.692004The World Bank-WDI-2006
Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births)16.80200426.17200421.642004The World Bank-WDI-2006
Mortality rate under-5 (per 1,000)20.60200431.25200428.172004The World Bank-WDI-2006
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 births)[5]65.00200046.932000106.702000WHO-The World Health Report-2006
GDP per capita (constant 2000 US$)2,28620042,47820044,8752004The World Bank-WDI-2006
GDP growth (annual %)7.1420047.2520045.572004The World Bank-WDI-2006
Per capita total expenditure on health at international dollar rate551.002003492.112003606.302003WHO-The World Health Report-2006
Private expenditure on health as % of total expenditure on health41.00200340.67200336.532003WHO-The World Health Report-2006
Out-of-pocket expenditure as % of private expenditure on health71.10200391.89200381.692003WHO-The World Health Report-2006
Gini index39.93200334.85200340.222003The World Bank-WDI-2006
Governance Module       
Voice Accountability - Point Estimate[6]-0.812004-0.1420040.442004The World Bank-Governance Indicators-2005
Voice Accountability - Percentile Rank[7]25.70200445.64200462.182004The World Bank-Governance Indicators-2005
Political Stability - Point Estimate[6]-0.852004-0.3020040.462004The World Bank-Governance Indicators-2005
Political Stability - Percentile Rank[7]21.80200439.12200462.662004The World Bank-Governance Indicators-2005
Government Effectiveness - Point Estimate[6]-0.212004-0.2220040.252004The World Bank-Governance Indicators-2005
Government Effectiveness - Percentile Rank[7]48.10200444.51200460.562004The World Bank-Governance Indicators-2005
Rule of Law - Point Estimate[6]-0.702004-0.3720040.282004The World Bank-Governance Indicators-2005
Rule of Law - Percentile Rank[7]29.50200438.81200458.992004The World Bank-Governance Indicators-2005
Regulatory Quality - Point Estimate[6]-0.512004-0.1520040.302004The World Bank-Governance Indicators-2005
Regulatory Quality - Percentile Rank[7]30.50200446.00200459.382004The World Bank-Governance Indicators-2005
Control of Corruption - Point Estimate[6]-0.722004-0.4220040.122004The World Bank-Governance Indicators-2005
Control of Corruption - Percentile Rank[7]29.10200438.54200458.612004The World Bank-Governance Indicators-2005
Health Financing Module       
Total expenditure on health as % of GDP5.6020036.2720036.202003WHO-The World Health Report-2006
Per capita total expenditure on health at average exchange rate (US$)[8]167.002003204.002003326.412003WHO-The World Health Report-2006
Government expenditure on health as % of total government expenditure9.30200310.49200310.832003WHO-The World Health Report-2006
Public (government) spending on health as % of total health expenditure59.00200359.35200363.472003WHO-The World Health Report-2006
Donor spending on health as % of total health spending0.2020033.1520031.872003WHO-The World Health Report-2006
Out-of-pocket expenditure as % of private expenditure on health71.10200391.89200381.692003WHO-The World Health Report-2006
Out-of-pocket expenditure as % of total expenditure on health29.15200337.75200328.372003Calculated from the World Health Report-2006
Service Delivery Module       
Number of hospital beds (per 10,000 population)99.00200462.62200453.002004WHO-The World Health Report-2006
Percentage of births attended by skilled health personnel99.00200299.54200299.702002The World Bank-WDI-2006
DTP3 immunization coverage: one-year-olds immunized with three doses of diphtheria, tetanus toxoid (DTP3) and pertussis (%)97.00200493.96200491.782004WHO-The World Health Report-2006
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15-49)----71.00200373.002004The World Bank-WDI-2006
Pregnant women who received 1+ antenatal care visits (%)96.00199989.60199992.501999WHO-The World Health Report-2006
Life expectancy at birth, total (years)65.21200470.64200469.692004The World Bank-WDI-2006
Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births)16.80200426.17200421.642004The World Bank-WDI-2006
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 births)[5]65.00200046.932000106.702000WHO-The World Health Report-2006
Prevalence of HIV, total (% of population aged 15-49)[4]1.1020030.3720033.412003The World Bank-WDI-2006
Human Resource Module       
Physicians (density per 1,000 population)4.2520033.0220032.772003WHO-The World Health Report-2006
Nurses (density per 1,000 population)8.0520036.0920035.672003WHO-The World Health Report-2006
Midwives (density per 1,000 population)0.4720030.4520030.322003WHO-The World Health Report-2006
Pharmacists (density per 1,000 population)0.0820030.3120030.442003WHO-The World Health Report-2006
Lab technicians (density per 1,000 population)--------0.272004WHO-The World Health Report-2006
Pharmaceutical Module       
Total expenditure on pharmaceuticals (% total expenditure on health)17.80200022.78200022.032000WHO-The World Health Report-2006
Total expenditure on pharmaceuticals (per capita at average exchange rate) in US$12.00200028.60200058.892000WHO-The World Health Report-2006
Government expenditure on pharmaceuticals (per capita at average exchange rate) in US$7.00200018.44200023.802000WHO-The World Health Report-2006
Private expenditure on pharmaceuticals (per capita at average exchange rate) in US$4.00200011.74200036.462000WHO-The World Health Report-2006
Health Information System (HIS) Module [10], [11]       
Maternal mortality ratio reported by national authorities (Timeliness of reporting, years)[12]0-2 years--0-2 years--0-2 years--UNICEF-The State of the World's Children-2006
Mortality rate under-5 (Timeliness of reporting, years)[12]0-2 years--0-2 years--0-2 years--The World Bank-WDI-2006
HIV prevalence among pregnant women aged 15-24 (Timeliness of reporting, years)[13]No National Database/No Data------------
Proportion of children under 5 years who are underweight for age (Timeliness of reporting, years)[12]No National Database/No Data------------
Number of hospital beds (Timeliness of reporting, years)[14]2-3 years--2-3 years--2-3 years--WHO-The World Health Report-2006
Contraceptive prevalence (Timeliness of reporting, years)[15]No National Database/No Data------------
Percentage of surveillance reports received at the national level from districts compared to number of reports expected (Completeness of reporting,%)[16]No National Database/No Data------------
NOTES:
NC: Not Calculated because the regional comparator includes both high income countries as well as some countries that have a population of less than 30,000, which are not classified by the World Bank.
NA: Data Not Available
- : No specific year is noted here since the average is calculated across different countries, where the data is reported in different years

1- The geographic classifications used by the World Bank are for low-income and middle-income economies only. Low-income and middle-income economies are sometimes referred to as developing economies. The use of the term is convenient; it is not intended to imply that all economies in the group are experiencing similar development or that other economies have reached a preferred or final stage of development. The countries are divided into 6 regions: East Asia and Pacific (EAP), Europe and Central Asia (ECA), Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC), Middle East and North Africa (MENA), South Asia (SA), Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA).

2- The classification of countries by income group is based on the World Bank classification which classifies member economies, and all other economies with populations of more than 30,000. The countries which are not in a category have a population of less than 30,000.

3- Economies are divided according to 2004 GNI per capita, calculated using the World Bank Atlas method. The groups are: LI (low income), $825 or less; LMI (lower middle income), $826 - $3,255; UMI (upper middle income), $3,256 - $10,065; and (HI) high income, $10,066 or more (the HI countries are further divided between OECD and non-OECD, noted n-OECD).

4- The following countries report "<0.1" : Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brunei Darussalam , Bulgaria, Croatia, Egypt, Iraq, Japan, Jordan, Mongolia, Philippines, Republic of Korea., Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Sri Lanka, Syrian Arab Republic, Tajikistan, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Tunisia, Turkmenistan

5- Estimates derived by regression and similar estimation methods for the following countries: Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Angola, Armenia, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Burundi, Cape Verde, Comoros, Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Democratic Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of Congo, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Guinea Bissan, Indonesia, Iraq, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Lau People's Democratic Republic, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Maldives, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Swaziland, Syrian Arab Republic, Tajikistan, Timor-Leste, Turkey, Turkmenistan, United Arab Emirates, Uzbekistan, Viet Nam.

6- Ranges from -2.5 to 2.5. Higher values indicate better governance ratings.

7- Percentile rank indicates the percentage of countries worldwide that rate below the selected country (subject to margin of error)

8- Democratic People's Republic of Korea reports "<1000" for the per capita total expenditure on health at average exchange rate (US$)

9- Data refer to the most recent year available during the period 1990-2004. Several countries either have data that refer to years or periods other than 1990-2004, differ from the standard definition, or refer to only part of a country. These countries are Dominican Republic, Ghana, Lebanon, Papau New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey.

10- The interpretation of the first six indicators in the HIS component is not based on the indicator’s value but on the timeliness of reporting. It should be noted that timeliness is only one criterion for measuring the quality of data. Other criteria, that are not measured here, are data collection quality, periodicity of measurement, consistency of data, representativeness of data, disaggregation of data and data estimation methods. The indicators of the HIS module are a selected group of indicators. A more extensive list was developed and is available in the following publication: Health Metrics Network. 2007. Framework and Standards for Country Health Information Systems. Second edition. Geneva: World Health Organization.

11- Timeliness is defined as “for the most recently published estimate, number of years since the data were collected”. The standards for each indicator for timeliness of reporting were taken from the following source: Health Metrics Network. 2007. Framework and Standards for Country Health Information Systems. Second edition. Geneva: World Health Organization.

12- The timeliness standards set by the HMN for this indicator are: highly adequate if 0-2 years; adequate if 3-5 years; present but not adequate if 6-9 years; not adequate at all if 10 years or more.

13- The timeliness standards set by the HMN for this indicator are: highly adequate if less than 2 years; adequate if 2 years; present but not adequate if 3-4 years; not adequate at all if 5 or more years.

14- The HMN does not provide a standard for timeliness of reporting of the number of hospital beds. Instead, the standard for when the national database of facilities was last updated was used: highly adequate if less than 2 years; adequate if 2-3 years; present but not adequate if more than 3 years; not adequate at all if there is no national database or if no data is available.

15- The HMN does not provide a standard for timeliness of reporting of contraceptive prevalence. Instead, the standard for timeliness of reporting of condom use with higher-risk sex was used: highly adequate if 0-1 year; adequate if 2-3 years; present but not adequate if 4 years or more; not adequate at all if there is no data.

16- The HMN does not provide a standard for reporting of percentage of surveillance reports received at the national level from districts compared to number of reports expected. Instead, the standard for “percentage of districts submitting weekly or monthly surveillance reports on time to the next higher level” was used: highly adequate if 90% or more; adequate if 75%-89%; present but not adequate if 25-74%; not adequate at all if less than 25%. This indicator is used by the HMN to assess the dimension of Capacity and Practices (Defined as: Does capacity in country exist to collect the data, and analyze and manage the results? Are standards applied for data collection? Is documentation available, accessible and of high quality?) of the Health and Disease records (including disease surveillance systems).

 
© 2003 - 2017 ZDRAVINFORM.RU - Библиотека ЗдравИнформ
Rambler's Top100